What is VD? Venereal diseases (VD) are infections people acquire through sexual intercourse, infected needles, and blood transfusions; some can be easily treated while others last a lifetime.
In this article, we will discuss what venereal diseases are and what are the different ways they can be contracted. We will also talk about diseases like syphilis and which of these diseases have no cure at all yet.
Continue reading this article to obtain information about a group of diseases affecting our young adults and can have severe effects if they are not treated, all of this directly from a doctor.
What is VD, what is the meaning of VD?
So, what is VD? It is an old term that refers to Venereal diseases (VD), which are those infections that pass from one person to another through sexual activity. Nowadays, the name for these diseases is Sexually Transmitted Infection or disease (STIs or STDs, respectively).
Within the causes of venereal diseases, we can find viruses, bacteria, and parasites. There are several STDs, such as:
- Genital Herpes
- HIV / AIDS
Venereal diseases can affect men and women, although some diseases are more likely to infect one sex more than the other. In most of these diseases, the mother can transmit it to their child through the birth canal, infecting the newborn.
As I said before, Physicians use the term Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) or Sexual Transmitted Infections (STI) to refer to Venereal diseases. They prefer the term “infection” over “disease” because people may not have symptoms but still carry pathogens and need treatment.
Sometimes, the first signs of some VD diseases, such as syphilis, are usually so tiny that they’re hard to diagnose. Also, they can also be mistaken for some other sickness. Therefore, people can transmit the disease without even knowing that they are carrying it.
How do you get VD?
People could contract venereal diseases by sexual contact with a person who is carrying the illness. Several microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and yeast, can increase in the genitals because of a moist and warm environment. It can then spread via bodily fluids, such as semen, vaginal secretions, or blood during intercourse.
Diseases that happen because of viruses such as hepatitis and HIV pass through infected blood. We can get both infections through sex when both partners have open sores or by sharing needles.
Drug users of drugs such as heroin are the ones who most commonly get the disease this way. This is because of their reckless and ill behavior that originates from the addiction.
Other venereal diseases, such as herpes, have oral sex as a transmission pathway as well. Doctors associate it with lesions on the partner’s mouth to the partner’s genitalia. But we can also acquire them through vaginal or anal sex without protection.
In some cases, we also could contract lice through sexual contact. Pubic lice can move from one person’s pubic hair to another. We can also get pubic lice by coming into contact with the sheets or clothing of someone with lice.
A big problem that people suffered at the beginning of the 80s was the transmission of HIV through blood transfusion. Doctors first thought only males that had sex with males could contract the disease, but it was not long before they saw the contrary.
Unfortunately, many people, including kids, got the disease through this medium, spreading the pandemic even more. Nowadays, there are tests done to transfusion blood to prevent this from happening.
What are the symptoms of a VD?
Venereal diseases sometimes do not cause symptoms. For that reason, there is a high probability of contracting these infections from a person who appears healthy.
Some of the signs and symptoms may appear a few days after exposure. In other cases, it may take years before they notice it.
Among the symptoms that may indicate the presence of VD., we can find very general and nonspecific ones, like a fever. These symptoms can confuse even the doctors because they also appear in other types of diseases.
But there are other more specific signs that, such as sores on the genitals, in the mouth or anus. Another common symptom is the sensation of pain or burning when urinating. Or having a discharge from the penis or vagina.
Remember that, in addition to infecting a sexual partner, untreated STDs can increase the risk of infertility. This currently happens in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
PID is a complication that women can develop after contracting chlamydia infection or another related infectious disease. That is why checking our status, and visiting a sexual health clinic is essential for controlling the disease.
Is VD the same as syphilis?
Venereal diseases include more diseases different from Syphilis. In any case, syphilis is one of the diseases we could acquire through sex. Treponema pallidum, a syphilis bacterium, can infect the genital area and the lips, mouth, or anus in men and women. It can also pass from mother to child during pregnancy, known as congenital syphilis, and cause complications in the newborn.
People may notice a single, painless ulcer or skin injury in the early stage, and sometimes it causes swelling of nearby lymph nodes. This injury usually goes away in a few weeks.
If the infected person does not see a doctor for treatment, it can progress to another stage, secondary syphilis. In this stage, a non-itchy rash appears on the hands and feet.
Many people do not notice the symptoms for years, but they can go away and reappear later. Sores caused by syphilis make it easier to catch or transmit HIV during sexual intercourse.
In the late stages, known as tertiary syphilis, the disease can damage organs like the brain and eyes. But, if diagnosed early, physicians can quickly cure it with antibiotics. Using latex condoms reduces, but does not eliminate, the risk of getting syphilis.
Which STD or VD has no cure?
Doctors can effectively treat and cure a parasitic or bacterial infection with antibiotics. Those STDs caused by viruses, such as HIV, genital herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV), and hepatitis, have no cure.
Once we acquire an STD caused by a virus, this infection lasts a lifetime. However, doctors can effectively treat and manage those diseases, reducing the risk of transmission of the infection, and eliminating symptoms.
There are even vaccines available for the prevention of some diseases. Among them are Hepatitis B and HPV infection, which can cause genital warts.
Remember to reduce your risks of getting infected; it is important to take precautions immediately before and after the sexual intercourse. They call this prophylaxis.
Abstaining from sex is the most effective way to avoid venereal disease. Another reliable way to prevent sexually transmitted infections requires to maintain a long-term monogamous relationship.
It is also important to avoid sex if you have not visited your doctor. They have to test you for STIs. And the proper use of condoms and dental dams for every act of sex. It does not matter if it is oral, vaginal, or anal sex.
What are the top 10 STDs?
Venereal diseases are extremely common. In the United States, statistics show at least 20 million new cases each year. About 50 percent of these cases generally affects people between the ages of 15 and 24.
Unfortunately, a high percentage of this group lacks knowledge about sex and how they could spread VD. As a result, venereal diseases are rapidly spreading among them.
The top 10 most commonly seen sexually transmitted diseases are:
- Genital shingles (Herpes Simplex)
- Human papillomavirus (Genital warts)
- Hepatitis B
- Chancroid (Syphilis)
- Clap (Gonorrhea)
- Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)
- Trichomoniasis (Trich)
- Bacterial vaginosis
- Pubic lice
What is an opportunistic infection?
Opportunistic infections occur more frequently and even with severer symptoms in people with weak immune systems. Our body normally has or is in contact with germs such as viruses, bacteria, protozoa, viruses, and fungi.
If our immune system works well, it keeps these germs under control. But when our immune system fails or is weak, these germs pose a problem for our health. People with weak immune systems include diabetic patients, those who use steroids, the elderly, and people living with HIV.
People with HIV often have opportunistic infections because they do not know they have HIV and do not receive treatment. Sometimes they receive treatment, but it doesn’t keep HIV levels low enough for their immune systems to control the infection. This is why it is essential to become familiar with opportunistic infections and treat diseases as soon as possible.
Candidiasis, a fungal infection that affects the mouth, throat, and vagina, is one of the most common opportunistic infections.
Another common opportunistic infection is the herpes simplex virus, causing an oral or genital herpes infection. Despite being a common infection in the population, you may have more severe and frequent episodes if you are HIV positive or another immunodeficiency.
Moreover, recurrent pneumonia episodes, especially for the Pneumocystis fungus, are frequent in these patients. Tuberculosis can also affect the lungs of these patients.
Do you have symptoms of VD?
There are several venereal diseases or sexually transmitted infections. So, in light of this, I have developed different tools, which are thought to identify the most important sings, symptoms, and risk factors for that specific disease. They are free to use and would only take you a few minutes. Just click here and look for them or you can see from the list below.